GLOSSARY

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Four Temperaments:

The four temperaments, originating from ancient Greek medicine, categorize personalities based on the balance of four bodily fluids (humors): sanguine (optimistic and social), choleric (ambitious and assertive), melancholic (thoughtful and sensitive), and phlegmatic (calm and reliable).


Resources:

  • Hippocrates, On the Nature of Man (c. 460 BC)
  • Galen, On the Elements (c. 175 AD)

Herbs:

Definition: Plants used for medicinal purposes.
Traditional Persian Medicine: Extensive use of various herbs for different ailments.
Examples used with Aloe Vera: Honey, rosewater, pistacia lentiscus, cinnamomum zeylanicum, etc.
Important: Consult a healthcare professional before using any herbs, as they can interact with medications or have side effects.
Safety: Research and understand potential risks and benefits before using any herb for medicinal purposes.


Resources:

  • Hippocrates, On the Nature of Man (c. 460 BC)
  • Galen, On the Elements (c. 175 AD)

Herb-Drug Interactions:

Adverse effect: An unintended, harmful effect of a medication or herb..
Contraindication: A combination of substances that should not be used together due to potentially dangerous interactions.
Drug interaction: When a herb affects how a drug works, either increasing or decreasing its effectiveness or increasing the risk of side effects.
Therapeutic effect: The intended beneficial effect of a drug or herb.


Resources:

Traditional Persian Medicine:

History: Dates back thousands of years, influenced by Greek, Arabic, and Indian medicine.
Emphasis: Maintaining balance of four humors (blood, phlegm, yellow bile, black bile) in the body.
Treatment methods: Herbal remedies, diet, lifestyle changes, and physical therapies.


Resources:

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